"Eco-tourism of Russia and the Caucasus"

The majority of Christians for many centuries visited the Holy places that became for them an important part of their being. During the civil war and the persecution of the Church (the beginning of the twentieth century), many churches were destroyed, and now restored as museums. But many saved and become true Orthodox Shrines associated with the life of the Russian Saints, or miracle-working icons, which are annually visited by thousands of travelers.


In this article we'll talk about the pilgrimage - a special kind of travelling, where every man for himself must determine their purpose and meaning of this trip. Here is not the most important to see interesting places or to take photos of nature or objects. Pilgrimage, usually for people who are set up to ask for something at the Shrine to feel the emotional balance disturbed by some worldly factor, and perhaps not one.


In principle, of course, nobody will forbid travel at Orthodox places of pilgrimage of Russia and the man who has no inner faith, however, belongs to a single religion and the fact that it is United with great respect. For such a person to visit Orthodox shrines not less important event, as you can feel the history of Russia, awakens love for the country. It is our Holy Russia, of which the best written of Yesenin in his poem.


Sergius of Radonezh and Seraphim of Sarov are the two most revered Russian saints, which are directly connected the important places of pilgrimage in Russia. The remains of the first Saint (St. Sergius Lavra) - Sergiev Posad in Moscow region, and the remains of the second Holy - diveevskiy Svyato-Troitskiy monastery, Diveyevo, Nizhny Novgorod region.


Pilgrims are also attracted two Russian nuns, who numbered among Likam Saints Matrona of Moscow and Xenia of Petersburg. The Holy spirit first, worship the travelers, arriving in Pokrovsky monastery of Saint Matrona in the metro station Taganskaya. Saint Petersburg, Smolensk cemetery of Vasilievsky island is ready to take on all comers worshippers at the small Chapel of St. Xenia of Petersburg. Custom bow you can give the Ioannovsky monastery, where is still preserved the relics of St. John of Kronstadt, and also to visit the Alexander Nevsky monastery, where all bow before the relics of St. Alexander Nevsky.


The North of the country - Karelia, also has an equally important place for pilgrims of the Russian Federation. On the island of White the sea is the famous Spaso-Preobrazhensky Solovetsky monastery. It was called in those days "Russian Golgotha", the tragic story of which all Christians know. On the island of Valaam (lake Ladoga) you can visit the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Valaam monastery, there is a lot of monasteries where monks reside.


How Russia became Christian

The date of the change of Slavic paganism into the Christian faith, in the Orthodox stories, is considered to be the year of 988 ad. In this year occurred the so-called "baptism of Russia", which marked the beginning of the history of the Russian Orthodox Church. What is this event? What preceded it?

Princess Olga accepted the Christian faith the first of the princely family of Russia. Apparently the wise ruler already knew that one faith in the state is a necessary instrument of power, and most importantly that faith was United with the center of the ancient world — the Byzantine Empire. The Princess took the Christian faith in Constantinople, arriving there on an official visit to the Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus. EEC happened a significant event in the year 957 ad.

Grand Duke Vladimir svyatoslavovych in the beginning of his life was an ardent supporter of the faith of ancestors, worshiped Perun and other pagan gods. Life, Vladimir, a corresponding led. He was exactly what, in his understanding, should be the Grand Duke. Cheerful feasts, princes hunting, and of course war. At that time the Chronicles say especially the weakness of the Grand Duke to the female sex, tells about the hundreds of concubines. Apparently he was strongly influenced by the image of his father Svyatoslav, the great war and of the commander, that he belonged to the words - "do not disgrace the Russian land" as well as "dead shame not imut", it began with the glory of the Russian arms.

Obviously over time and under the influence of his grandmother Olga, Vladimir began to think about the choice of a single religion for the ancient Russian state, apparently reasoning in this way — one God, one people, and accordingly a single ruler. Like the chosen Prince to the faith of his people, reports the chronicle. According to the main historical document of the Russian history — the Tale of bygone years, Vladimir took the representatives of different religions and all found the argument to deny, of course other than Orthodoxy. This story was probably invented by the chroniclers, who were the priests and did not miss an opportunity to emphasize the truth of the Orthodox faith. Anyway, the choice of Vladimir fell to the baptism "of Greek law". And in the year 988 from R. H. Grand Prince Saint Vladimir accepted the faith of Christ together with his people, now Vladimir canonized as Saint equal to the apostles.